Bruxism: Understanding the Condition, Causes, and Treatment

When you grind your teeth excessively, you may find that you are displaying a condition in dentistry called Bruxism, and this affects around 8% of all adults today. Grinding, gnashing and clenching your teeth through a combination of stress and anxiety can lead to developing symptoms such as headaches, jaw pain and tooth damage. In severe cases and with little treatment, you may find that you can suffer more serious dental problems.

We shall now endeavour to give you a detailed explanation of what Bruxism is, what the underlying causes might be, what conditions you need to look out for and what Bruxism treatment options are available to you.

What Causes Bruxism?


Various factors, including stress, anxiety, and certain medications can cause bruxism. Stress and anxiety are the most common causes of Bruxism, as people tend to grind their teeth or clench their jaw when they are feeling stressed or anxious. Certain medications, such as antidepressants, can also cause Bruxism as a side effect. Other potential causes of Bruxism include sleep disorders, such as sleep apnoea, and certain medical conditions, such as Parkinson’s disease.

Image of a person grinding their teeth

Common Symptoms of Bruxism

The most common symptom of Bruxism is teeth grinding or clenching. This can often be heard as a grinding or clicking noise while the person sleeps. Other symptoms of Bruxism include:

  • Headaches
  • Jaw pain
  • Facial pain
  • Tooth Sensitivity
  • Damage to the teeth, such as chips or cracks
  • Tired or tight jaw muscles
  • Treatment for Bruxism

Treatment for Bruxism will depend on the underlying cause of the condition. If the reason is stress or anxiety, then addressing these issues through therapy or counselling can help to reduce Bruxism. Medications, such as muscle relaxants, can also be used to help minimise Bruxism.

Dentists can also treat Bruxism by providing a mouth guard that can be worn while sleeping. A mouth guard can help to protect the teeth from the effects of Bruxism and can also help to reduce jaw pain and headaches. In some cases, a dentist may also recommend orthodontic treatment to correct any issues with the bite.

Schedule an Appointment Today

We offer same-day visits and late opening hours that work around your schedule. Do you think that you might suffer from Bruxism or Teeth Grinding? Contact our team today to discuss your teeth. We’re providers with Medibank, HCF and MDF. You can claim your health fund rebate on the spot with our HICAPS machine.

* Any invasive or surgical procedure may carry risks. Before moving forward, it is recommended that you seek a second opinion from an appropriately licensed medical professional.

FAQ Common Questions about Bruxism

Can Bruxism be Cured?

While Bruxism can be treated, it is not curable. The best way to manage Bruxism is to address the underlying cause and to use treatment options, such as a mouth guard, to protect the teeth and reduce symptoms.

Can Bruxism cause TMJ?

Yes, Bruxism can cause temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder. Constant grinding and clenching of the jaw can put much stress on the TMJ, leading to pain and discomfort.


Does Brighton Dental Suite Provide Treatment for Patients with Bruxism?

At Brighton Dental Suite, we offer comprehensive treatment options for patients suffering from bruxism. Dr Ken Chen, our Principal Dentist, specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders. He has acquired extensive expertise through numerous mini residencies focused on TMD treatment, cranio-facial pain management, and sleep breathing disorders. Notably, Dr Ken is among the limited number of dentists in Australia who utilize acupuncture to alleviate jaw pain in patients.

What does treatment & costs involve for patients at Brighton Dental Suite?

At Brighton Dental Suite, our treatment process begins with a thorough assessment of the patient’s condition and medical history to determine an accurate diagnosis and identify the underlying cause of bruxism. Our consultation fee starts at $110, and the cost of treatment can vary between $800 and $5000 over a span of 12 months, depending on the severity of the condition.

Can Bruxism cause hearing loss?

While Bruxism itself does not cause hearing loss, it can lead to other conditions that can cause hearing loss, such as TMJ disorder.

Can Bruxism be treated without a Mouthguard?

While a mouth guard is a standard treatment option for Bruxism, it is not the only option. Other treatment options include addressing the underlying cause, such as stress or anxiety, and using medications to reduce Bruxism.

Is Bruxism More Common in Children or Adults?

Bruxism is more common in adults; however, children can also be affected. A dentist should evaluate children who grind their teeth at night to determine the cause and ensure that their teeth are not damaged.

Can Bruxism be caused by certain foods or drinks?

It is not known that certain foods or drinks directly cause Bruxism; however, consuming caffeine or alcohol can aggravate the symptoms of Bruxism. It is vital to limit the intake of these substances, especially in the evening, to help reduce Bruxism symptoms.

In conclusion, Bruxism is a common condition that is characterized by the grinding or clenching of your teeth. It can be caused by stress and anxiety and can lead to a variety of symptoms, such as headaches, jaw pain and tooth damage. Treatment options include addressing the underlying cause, using a mouth guard, and orthodontic treatment. It is essential to consult a dentist if you suspect you have Bruxism to prevent dental problems in the future.

Make an Appointment Today